SAN ANTONIO COLLEGE

GENERAL BIOLOGY 1407

LECTURE TEST 1

Covering: For each of the multiple choice questions select the appropriate letter indicating the best choice from the choices given.

Chapter 37: The animal body: Tissues, organs, and organ systems

  1. Each describes "epithelial" tissue except:
  1. large spaces between cells
  2. outer layer of skin
  3. lining of digestive
  4. lining of kidney tubules
  1. The function of the epithelial tissue lining the digestive tract is mainly
  1. protection
  2. fluid loss
  3. absorption
  4. ciliation
  1. Three types of epithelial cells are distinguished by
  1. shape
  2. location in the body
  3. function
  4. number of membranes
  1. Simple and stratified refers to the _______of epithelial cells….
  1. shape
  2. number of layers
  3. function
  4. location
  1. The nucleus is at the base of the cell in _______ epithelium.
  1. squamous
  2. cuboidal
  3. columnar
  4. pseudostratified
  1. Mesenchyme (or embryonic mesoderm) gives rise to ______ tissue.
  1. epithelial
  2. connective and skeletal
  3. muscle
  4. nerve
  1. A gland consists of _______ cells.
  1. epithelial
  2. connective
  3. muscle
  4. nerve
  1. Each refers to a type of connective tissue except:
  1. loose
  2. adipose
  3. blood
  4. squamous
  1. Each describes connective tissue except
  1. relatively few cells
  2. extensive intercellular substance
  3. similar cell structure in all types
  4. fibers scattered through a matrix
  1. There are ______ main classes of tissues.
  1. two
  2. three
  3. four
  4. five
  1. Each is a connective tissue fiber except
  1. collagen
  2. reticular
  3. neurofibrils
  4. elastic
  1. Collagen is a
  1. carbohydrate
  2. lipid
  3. steroid
  4. protein
  1. Macrophages
  1. produce blood cells
  2. clean up cellular debris
  3. make fibers
  4. carry gases
  1. Adipose cells
  1. make fibers
  2. store water
  3. store fat
  4. fight infection
  1. Another name for "loose" connective tissue is
  1. areolar
  2. fibrous
  3. dense
  4. vascular
  1. Irregular and regular are terms referring to ______ connective tissue.
  1. loose
  2. dense
  3. reticular
  4. vascular
  1. The deepest layer of the skin (of integument) is the
  1. cutaneous
  2. subcutaneous
  3. dermis
  4. epidermis
  1. Tendons connect:
  1. bone to bone
  2. muscle to bone
  3. muscles to nerves
  4. nerves together
  1. Which tissue type appears as "chicken wire" under the microscope?
  1. adipose
  2. dense fibrous
  3. vascular
  4. muscle
  1. The chondrocyte is a ______ cell.
  1. bone
  2. blood
  3. cartilage
  4. fat
  1. The osteocyte is a _____ cell.
  1. bone
  2. blood
  3. cartilage
  4. fat
  1. Osteoclasts
  1. form bone cells
  2. break down bone cells
  3. form cartilage cells
  4. break down cartilage cells
  1. The plasma is
  1. a red blood cell
  2. a white blood cell
  3. a platelet
  4. the liquid portion of the blood
  1. The haversian canal is found in ______ tissue
  1. cartilage
  2. blood
  3. bone
  4. nerve
  1. Myosin and actin are
  1. proteins
  2. specialized cells
  3. tissues
  4. orgarns with muscle tissue
  1. There are _______ types of muscle tissue.
  1. two
  2. three
  3. four
  4. five
  1. ________ muscle tissue composes internal organs except the heart.
  1. skeletal
  2. cardiac
  3. smooth
  4. striated
  1. The neuron is a
  1. glial cell
  2. nerve cell
  3. nerve
  4. dendrite
  1. Which type of animal tissue is responsible for secreting digestive ensymes?
  1. connective
  2. epithelial
  3. matrix
  4. muscle
  5. nervous
  1. To which type of animal tissue does bone belong?
  1. connective
  2. epithelial
  3. matrix
  4. muscle
  5. nervous
  1. The cellular components of blood belong to which type of animal tissue?
  1. connective
  2. epithelial
  3. matrix
  4. muscle
  5. nervous
  1. Which is the largest organ of the body?
  1. intestine
  2. kidney
  3. lungs
  4. skin
  5. stomach
  1. Sebaceous glands secrete
  1. sweat
  2. oil
  3. gases
  4. ions
  1. The evaporation of sweat from the skin
  1. retains body heat
  2. releases body heat
  3. retains oil
  4. releases oil
  1. The outer layer of the skin id the
  1. cutaneous
  2. subcutaneous
  3. epidermis
  4. dermis
  1. Each is true of keratin except:
  1. carbohydrate molecule
  2. manufactured by epidermal cells
  3. gives mechanical strength to skin
  4. gives flexibility to skin
  1. The subcutaneous layer under the dermis consist of
  1. adipose tissue only
  2. loose connective tissue only
  3. adipose tissue and loose connective tissue
  4. neither adipose tissue nor loose connective tissue
  1. The relationship between the two groups of muscle cells in the hydra is
  1. agonistic
  2. antagonistic
  3. synergistic
  4. complementary
  1. An arthropod has a
  1. living endoskeleton
  2. living exoskeleton
  3. nonliving exoskeleton
  4. nonliving endoskeleton
  1. Molting is the
  1. movement by muscles
  2. loss of muscles
  3. casting off of an exoskeleton
  4. retention of an exoskeleton
  1. Each is a human middle-ear bone (or ossicle) except the
  1. malleus
  2. incus
  3. gill arch
  4. stapes
  1. The human body has _____ "cervical" vertebrae
  1. 5
  2. 7
  3. 12
  4. 19
  1. Select the bone of the appendicular skeleton
  1. atlas
  2. cranial bone
  3. humerus
  4. vertebra
  1. By their anterior attachments, the 12 pairs of ribs are divided into _____ groups
  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 5
  4. 7
  1. The best description of the human thumb is
  1. axial
  2. nonaxial
  3. opposable, first and shortest digit of the hand
  4. nonopposable
  1. Each is a region of a long bone except:
  1. diaphysis
  2. epiphysis
  3. metaphysis
  4. endophysis
  1. A lacuna is a
  1. bone cell
  2. cavity containing a bone cell
  3. haversian system
  4. haversian canal
  1. Osteoblasts
  1. destroy bone cells
  2. build bone cells
  3. destroy cartilage cells
  4. build cartilage cells
  1. Most joints allow
  1. no mobility
  2. very little mobility
  3. moderate mobility
  4. free movility
  1. Freely-movable joints are lined with_____
  1. cutaneous
  2. synovial
  3. serous
  4. mucous
  1. A muscle fiber is a muscle
  1. protein
  2. organ
  3. tissue
  4. cell
  1. Select the muscle organelle
  1. fiber
  2. actin
  3. myosin
  4. myofibril
  1. The effect of troponin is cancelled by the ion
  1. sodium
  2. potassium
  3. calcium
  4. iodine
  1. Select the last event occurring in the contraction of a skeletal muscle
  1. neuron releases acetylcholine
  2. sarcolemma depolarizes
  3. myosin slides actin
  4. action potential spreads through T tubules
  1. The function of "ATP" for muscle contraction is a
  1. contractile protein
  2. binds with calcium
  3. source of energy
  4. delivers a signal
  1. For flexion (contracting) of the forearm, the biceps (muscle) is a (n)
  1. agonist
  2. antagonist
  3. expander
  4. stretcher
  1. About _______ % of the "chemical" energy in glucose is converted usefully for muscle contraction
  1. 30-40
  2. 50-60
  3. 60-70
  4. 80-90
  1. When a nerve impulse passes down a motor neuron (a nerve cell that stimulates a muscle) and arrives at the neuromuscular junction, the motor neuron releases a compound known as:
  1. adenosine triphosphate
  2. lactic acid
  3. creatinine phosphate
  4. acetylcholine
  1. During long period of muscle exertion muscle fatigue and oxygen debt have which accumulation "waste" product in common?
  1. urea and uric acid
  2. large polysaccharides
  3. lactic acid
  4. producing very dilute urine
  1. The two animal systems that integrate information and coordinate organs are:
  1. the digestive system and the nervous system
  2. the endocrine system and the excretory system
  3. the endocrine system and the nervous system
  4. the digestive system and the transport system
  5. the transport system and the support system